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Science & Society News
October 26, 2020

Top Headlines
 

While the ongoing coronavirus pandemic continues to threaten millions of lives around the world, the first half of 2020 saw ...
Rising nitrous oxide emissions are jeopardizing the climate goals of the Paris Agreement, according to a major new study. The growing use of nitrogen fertilizers in the ...
Early interventions were effective at stamping out coronavirus infections before they spread, according to a new study. Combining virus genomics with epidemiologic ...

COVID-19 Lockdown Caused 50 Percent Global Reduction in Human-Linked Earth Vibrations

The lack of human activity during lockdown caused human-linked vibrations in the Earth to drop by an average of 50 percent between March and May ...
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State Gun Laws May Help Curb Violence Across State Lines: Study

Researchers find that strong state firearm laws are associated with fewer firearm homicides -- both within the state where the laws are enacted and across state lines. Conversely, weak firearm laws ...

War Songs and Lullabies Behind Origins of Music

Love is not the primary reason humans developed music. A new evolutionary theory of the origins of music argues more evidence supports music coming from the need for groups to impress allies and ...

Nearly One in Three Young Adults in the US Does Not Know Common Stroke Symptoms

Nearly 30% of U.S. adults younger than 45 don't know all five of the most common stroke symptoms, according to a recent survey. Hispanic adults, people not born in the U.S. and less educated ...

COVID-19 a Double Blow for Chronic Disease Patients

The COVID-19 pandemic has escalated into a 'syndemic' for people with chronic illnesses, a new study analyzing data from low and middle-income countries ...

Coronavirus Mutations Show Early Safety Measures and Restrictions Limited Viral Spread

Scientists analyzed genomic information from over 6,000 samples of SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus behind the COVID-19 pandemic. Results show that early measures in states such as California and ...

Individuals May Legitimize Hacking When Angry With System or Authority

New research has found that when individuals feel that a system or authority is unresponsive to their demands, they are more likely to legitimize hacker activity at an organization's ...

Americans' Responses to COVID-19 Stay-Home Orders Differed According to Population Density

Americans strongly reduced their visits to grocery stores, pharmacies, and transit stations following stay-at-home orders from mayors and governors earlier this year, but did not reduce their visits ...

Seeing No Longer Believing: The Manipulation of Online Images

A peace sign from Martin Luther King, Jr, becomes a rude gesture; dolphins in Venice's Grand Canal - manipulated or mis-used images posted as truth. Researchers say image editing software is so ...

Congress Must Clarify Limits of Gene-Editing Technologies

How the next Congress decides to handle the issue editing human sperm and eggs will affect the science, ethics and financing of genomic editing for decades to come, said a law professor who studies ...

Does Classroom Indoor Environmental Quality Affect Teaching and Learning?

What impact does a classroom's indoor environment have on teaching, learning, and students' academic achievement in colleges and universities? This is the question researchers set out to ...

How Initiatives Empowering Employees Can Backfire

Strategies meant to motivate people in the workplace may have unintended consequences -- depending on who's in charge. Recent research shows that empowerment initiatives aren't necessarily ...

Researchers have linked a brain region to what they call neural polarization, offering a glimpse into the partisan brain in the weeks leading up to what is arguably the most consequential U.S. ...

Coronavirus Vaccines Stir Doubts Among Many People Worldwide, New Study Shows

A new study highlights potential global hesitancy to accept a COVID-19 vaccine. Based on data collected with the previously validated COVID-SCORE survey of a sample of over 13,400 individuals from 19 ...

Interactions Within Larger Social Groups Can Cause Tipping Points in Contagion Flow

Contagion processes, such as opinion formation or disease spread, can reach a tipping point, where the contagion either rapidly spreads or dies out. When modeling these processes, it is difficult to ...

Management of a Popular Game Fish, the Smallmouth Bass

For recreational fishing enthusiasts, the thrill of snagging their next catch comes with discovering what's hooked on the end of the line. In many freshwater streams and rivers -- across the ...

Research Network Aims to Improve Learning Outcomes for Students Underrepresented in STEM

A recent report lays out gaps in the biology education field and proposes leveraging an existing research coordination network called Equity and Diversity in Undergraduate STEM (EDU-STEM) to tackle ...

Severe Air Pollution Drives Food Delivery Consumption and Plastic Waste

When the air outside is bad, office workers are more likely to order food delivery than go out for lunch, which in turn increases plastic waste from food packaging, according to a study by ...

Paper Recycling Must Be Powered by Renewables to Save Climate

The study found that greenhouse gas emissions would increase by 2050 if we recycled more paper, as current methods rely on fossil fuels and electricity from the ...

High Social and Ecological Standards for Chocolate

Worldwide demand for food from the tropics that meets higher environmental and social standards has risen sharply in recent years. Consumers often have to make ethically questionable decisions: ...

'Use It or Lose It': Regular Social Engagement Linked to Healthier Brain Microstructure in Older Adults

Older people who report greater levels of social engagement have more robust gray matter in regions of the brain relevant in dementia, according to new research. It is the first to use a particularly ...

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