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Nature News
August 3, 2020

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Ancient Mountain Formation and Monsoons Helped Create a Modern Biodiversity Hotspot

Researchers examined the plant life in the China's Hengduan Mountains, the Himalaya Mountains, and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Using DNA to build ...

Soil Animals Are Getting Smaller With Climate Change

The biomass of small animals that decompose plants in the soil and thus maintain its fertility is declining both as a result of climate change and over-intensive cultivation. To their surprise, ...

New Native Hawaiian Land Snail Species Discovered, First in 60 Years

Auriculella gagneorum, a small candy-striped snail from Oahu's Waianae Mountains, represents the first new species of a living Hawaiian land snail described in 60 ...

How Mosquitoes Got Their Taste for Human Blood and What It Means for the Future

To predict and help control the spread of mosquito-borne illnesses, it's important to know where and why certain mosquitoes got their taste for ...
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COVID-19 Provides Rare Opportunities for Studying Natural and Human Systems

Researchers hypothesize outcomes of the pandemic's unprecedented socioeconomic disruption and outline research priorities for advancing our understanding of humans' impact on the ...

Massive Seagrass Die-Off Leads to Widespread Erosion in a California Estuary

The large-scale loss of eelgrass in a major California estuary -- Morro Bay -- may be causing widespread erosion. Over the last century, Morro Bay has been building up sediment quickly. After the ...

Scientists Record Rapid Carbon Loss from Warming Peatlands

Scientists have demonstrated a direct relationship between climate warming and carbon loss in a peatland ecosystem. Their study provides a glimpse of potential futures where significant stores of ...

Rising Temps Put Desert Shrubs in High-Efficiency Mode

Research shows that one shrub, the brittlebush, is adapting, and showing a remarkable ability to respond to increased temperature and ...

Artificial Intelligence to Identify Individual Birds of Same Species

Humans have a hard time identifying individual birds just by looking at the patterns on their plumage. An international study has now shown how computers can learn to differentiate individual birds ...

Glacial Stream Insect May Tolerate Warmer Waters

An endangered aquatic insect that lives in icy streams fed by glaciers might not mind if the water grows warmer due to climate. A new study found that mountain stoneflies can tolerate warmer water ...

Livestock Expansion Is a Factor in Global Pandemics

A new study looks at the growth of global livestock farming and the threat to biodiversity, and the health risks to both humans and domesticated ...

African Vulture Poisoning Has Global Disease and Biodiversity Implications

Researchers have produced recommendations for vulture poisoning control in Southern Africa. Vultures act as nature's most critical scavengers, working as ecosystem garbage disposals and ...

Shifts Seen in Breeding Times and Duration for 73 Boreal Bird Species Over 40 Years

Forest ecologist report finding ''clear evidence of a contraction of the breeding period'' among boreal birds in Finland over a 43-year span for which good quality data were ...

How Does Cooperation Evolve?

In nature, organisms often support each other in order to gain an advantage. However, this kind of cooperation appears to contradict the theory of evolution proposed by Charles Darwin: Why would ...

Giant, Fruit-Gulping Pigeon Eaten Into Extinction on Pacific Islands

A large fruit-eating bird from Tonga joins the dodo in the lineup of giant island pigeons hunted to ...

Biotelemetry Provides Unique Glimpse Into Whitespotted Eagle Rays' Behavior

Researchers are the first to characterize the ecology and fine-scale habitat use of 'near threatened' whitespotted eagle rays in Florida while also identifying areas of potential ...

Climate Change Is Impacting the Spread of Invasive Animal Species

What factors influence the spread of invasive animal species in our oceans? The Asian shore crab as an example of invasive species successfully spreading to the North Sea and ...

Life in the Shallows Becomes a Trap for Baby Sharks

Baby reef sharks tolerate living in the sometimes-extreme environments of their nurseries -- but these habitats face an uncertain future which may leave newborn sharks ...

New Study Takes Closer Look at How Environment Affects Daily Life of Sloths

Scientists studying brown-throated three-toed sloths, where predators are extinct and food is more accessible, have found that the animals adapt to have a primarily diurnal, or daytime, ...

Saving Critically Endangered Seabird

The global population of the critically endangered Chinese crested tern has more than doubled thanks to a historic, collaborative, decade-long ...

Changes in Farming Urgent to Rescue Biodiversity

Humans depend on farming for their survival but this activity takes up more than one-third of the world's landmass and endangers 62% of all threatened species. However, agricultural landscapes ...

Plant Roots Increase Carbon Emission from Permafrost Soils

A key uncertainty in climate projections is the amount of carbon emitted by thawing permafrost in the Arctic. Plant roots in soil stimulate microbial decomposition, a mechanism called the priming ...

Arizona Rock Core Sheds Light on Triassic Dark Ages

A rock core from Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona, has given scientists a powerful new tool to understand how catastrophic events shaped Earth's ecosystems before the rise of the ...

The Azores: Exotic Insect Species Increase on Islands Through Human Impact

A new study reveals that the diversity of exotic species of insects, spiders and other arthropods in the Azores is increasing. This pattern has also been observed in other islands around the world, ...

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