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Genetics News
August 15, 2020

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To Understand the Machinery of Life, This Scientist Breaks It on Purpose

By tinkering with some of life's oldest components, astrobiologists hope to find clues about how life emerged. In a recent article researchers report an unexpected discovery, hinting at an effect ...
Although overhunting led to the demise of some prehistoric megafauna after the last ice age, a new study found that the ...

Improving Treatment of Spinal Cord Injuries

Bioengineers have created an osmotic therapy device that gently removes fluid from the spinal cord to reduce swelling in injured rats with good results. The device can eventually be scaled up for ...

Mutations May Have Saved Brown Howlers from Yellow Fever Virus

From 2007 to 2009, a devastating yellow fever virus outbreak nearly decimated brown and black and gold howler monkey populations at El Parque El Piñalito in northeastern Argentina. An international ...
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Single-Cell Analysis Provides New Insights Into Mitochondrial Diseases

Investigators have made discoveries at the single cell level to uncover new details concerning mitochondrial diseases -- inherited disorders that interfere with energy production in the body and ...

Virus Uses Decoy Strategy to Evade Immune System

Researchers have learnt more about how viruses operate and can evade the immune system and are now using their discovery to help learn more about ...

Internal Differences: A New Method for Seeing Into Cells

The new technology may help answer outstanding questions about the immune system, cancer, Alzheimer's, and ...

Gluten in Wheat: What Has Changed During 120 Years of Breeding?

In recent years, the number of people affected by celiac disease, wheat allergy or gluten or wheat sensitivity has risen sharply. But why is this the case? Could it be that modern wheat varieties ...

Recipe for Success -- Interaction Proteomics Become a Household Item

A research team introduces a new optimized and integrated interaction proteomics protocol that combines two state-of-the art methods to allow rapid identification of protein-protein interactions and ...

Protein Uses Two Antiviral Strategies to Ward Off Infections

To protect humans against infection, a protein called MARCH8 tags the vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) for destruction while it merely holds HIV hostage, a new study ...

Algal Blue Light Switch Control of Electrical Excitation in Plants

What is the role and molecular basis of electrical signaling in higher plants? This can now be investigated non-invasively for the first ...

Agtech to the Rescue in a Pandemic: Adapting Plant Labs for Human Testing

Sophisticated agtech labs and equipment used for crop and animal breeding, seed testing, and monitoring of plant and animal diseases could easily be adapted for diagnostic testing and tracing in a ...

Biology Blurs Line Between Sexes, Behaviors

Biological sex is typically understood in binary terms: male and female. However, there are many examples of animals that are able to modify sex-typical biological and behavioral features and even ...

New Research Reveals Previously Hidden Features of Plant Genomes

An international team has decoded the full genome for the black mustard plant -- research that will advance breeding of oilseed mustard crops and provides a foundation for improved breeding of wheat, ...

Imaging Method Highlights New Role for Cellular 'Skeleton' Protein

While your skeleton helps your body to move, fine skeleton-like filaments within your cells likewise help cellular structures to move. Now, researchers have developed a new imaging method that lets ...

Decline in Plant Breeding Programs Could Impact Food Security

A team of scientists led by a horticulture professor who leads a pome fruit (apples and pears) breeding program, found that public plant breeding programs are seeing decreases in funding and ...

Sugar-Based Signature Identifies T Cells Where HIV Hides Despite Antiretroviral Therapy

Scientists may have discovered a new way of identifying and targeting hidden HIV viral reservoirs during treatment with antiretroviral therapy (ART). These findings may have translational ...

Scientists Use CRISPR to Knock Down Gene Messages Early in Development

Researchers have harnessed the technology to target gene messages (messenger RNA) involved in early vertebrate ...

Oldest Enzyme in Cellular Respiration Isolated

Researchers have found what is perhaps the oldest enzyme in cellular respiration. They have been able to isolate the extremely fragile 'Rnf' protein complex from the heat-loving bacterium ...

Origins of Life: Chemical Evolution in a Tiny Gulf Stream

Chemical reactions driven by the geological conditions on the early Earth might have led to the prebiotic evolution of self-replicating molecules. Scientists now report on a hydrothermal mechanism ...

Success in Promoting Plant Growth for Biodiesel

Scientists succeeded in promoting plant growth and increasing seed yield by heterologous expression of protein from Arabidopsis (artificially modified high-speed motor protein) in Camelina sativa, ...

New Insight Into the Evolution of Complex Life on Earth

A novel connection between primordial organisms and complex life has been discovered, as new evidence sheds light on the evolutionary origins of the cell division process that is fundamental to ...

A New Tool for Modeling the Human Gut Microbiome

Engineers have designed a device that replicates the lining of the colon. With the device, they can grow human colon cells along with oxygen-intolerant bacteria that normally live in the human ...

Faster Rates of Evolution Are Linked to Tiny Genomes

Inside every cell lies a genome - a full set of DNA that contains the instructions for building an organism. Across the biological world, genomes show a staggering diversity in size but scientists ...

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