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Plants & Animals News
July 16, 2020

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Top Headlines
 

The pandemic has tugged carbon emissions down, temporarily. But levels of the powerful heat-trapping gas methane continue to climb, dragging the world further away from a ...
Researchers have proven that a single gene can convert female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes into fertile male mosquitoes and ...
A groundbreaking study is the first to analyze the relationship between group behaviors, group type, group dynamics, and kinship of beluga whales in 10 locations across the ...
Common domestic cats, as we know them today, might have accompanied Kazakh pastoralists as pets more than 1,000 years ago. This is indicated by new analyses done on an almost ...
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Earlier Headlines
 

Genome Guardians Stop and Reel in DNA to Correct Replication Errors

New research shows how proofreading proteins prevent DNA replication errors by creating an immobile structure that calls more proteins to the site to repair the error. This structure could also ...

Avoiding Food Contamination With a Durable Coating for Hard Surfaces

A new study by engineers and food scientists demonstrates that a durable coating, made from titanium dioxide, is capable of eliminating foodborne germs, such as salmonella and E. coli, and provides a ...

Scientists Uncover Key Process in the Manufacture of Ribosomes and Proteins

Researchers have shown that an enzyme called RNA polymerase (Pol) II drives generation of the building blocks of ribosomes, the molecular machines that manufacture all proteins in cells based on the ...

Study First to Show Tiger Sharks' Travels and Desired Hangouts in the Gulf of Mexico

From 2010 to 2018, scientists tagged 56 tiger sharks of varying life stages to track their movements via satellite. Movement patterns varied by life stage, sex, and season. Some of their core ...

Invasive Hedgehogs and Ferrets Habituate to and Categorize Smells

A new study examines how invasive mammalian predators both habituate to and generalize avian prey ...

Tree Planting Does Not Always Boost Ecosystem Carbon Stocks, Study Finds

Planting huge numbers of trees to mitigate climate change is 'not always the best strategy' - with some experimental sites in Scotland failing to increase carbon stocks, a new study has ...

Exploring How a Scorpion Toxin Might Help Treat Heart Attacks

Scientists are discovering potential life-saving medicines from an unlikely source: the venom of creatures like snakes, spiders and scorpions. Scorpion venom, in particular, contains a peptide that ...

How Flies Flip Around on Take-Off from an Upside Down Position

Flies are able to right themselves very quickly when taking off from an upside-down position. Scientists studying this phenomenon discovered the surprising way these insects begin by turning their ...

Coumarin Compounds from Oak Barrels Could Contribute to Bitter Taste in Wine and Spirits

Wine and spirits are complex mixtures of flavor and aroma compounds, some of which arise during aging in wooden barrels. Among other compounds, oak wood releases coumarins, but how they affect ...

Bed Bugs Modify Microbiome of Homes They Infest

Bed bug infestations can modify the home microbiome, according to a new study. When bed bugs are eradicated, home microbiomes return to ...

Low-Cost Catalyst Helps Turn Seawater Into Fuel at Scale

The Navy's quest to power its ships by converting seawater into fuel is one step nearer fruition. Chemical engineers have demonstrated that a potassium-promoted molybdenum carbide catalyst ...

Mystery About History of Genetic Disease in Horses

Warmblood fragile foal syndrome is a severe, usually fatal, genetic disease that manifests itself after birth in affected horses. Due to the defect, the connective tissue is unstable. Under force, ...

New Study Shows How Plants Regulate Their Growth-Inhibiting Hormones to Survive

Scientists have, for the first time, observed one of the natural mechanisms underlying the regulation of the levels of growth inhibiting hormone in plants. This mechanism had been hitherto seen in ...

Molecular 'Tails' Are Secret Ingredient for Gene Activation in Humans, Yeast, and Other Organisms

Researchers have discovered how diverse forms of life are able to use the same cellular machinery for DNA ...

For Chimpanzees, Salt and Pepper Hair Not a Marker of Old Age

Silver strands and graying hair is a sign of aging in humans, but things aren't so simple for our closest ape relatives --the chimpanzee. A new study found graying hair is not indicative of a ...

Ancient Oyster Shells Provide Historical Insights

Scientists studying thousands of oyster shells along the Georgia coast, some as old as 4,500 years, have published new insights into how Native Americans sustained oyster harvests for thousands of ...

Quantum Body Scanner? What Happens When Vector Vortex Beams Meet Scattering Media

Propagate light through any kind of medium -- be it free space or biological tissue -- and light will scatter. Robustness to scattering is a common requirement for communications and for imaging ...

A Raspberry Pi-Based Virtual Reality System for Small Animals

The Raspberry Pi Virtual Reality system (PiVR) is a versatile tool for presenting virtual reality environments to small, freely moving animals (such as flies and fish larvae). The use of PiVR, ...

What Determines a Warbler's Colors?

A new study has narrowed down the region of the genome that drives the black color in throat and face of warblers by studying the hybrid offspring produced when two species mate. The hybrids of ...

Researchers Cast Doubt on Earlier COVID-19 Origins Study Citing Dogs as Possible Hosts

A study published earlier this year claiming the coronavirus may have jumped from dogs to humans is scientifically flawed, offering no direct evidence to support its conclusions, according to a ...

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