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Neuroscience News
August 13, 2020

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Top Headlines
 

New Type of Taste Cell Discovered in Taste Buds

Our mouths may be home to a newly discovered set of multi-tasking taste cells that -- unlike most known taste cells, which detect individual tastes -- are capable of detecting sour, sweet, bitter and ...

When You're Smiling, the Whole World Really Does Smile With You

From Sinatra to Katy Perry, celebrities have long sung about the power of a smile -- how it picks you up, changes your outlook, and generally makes you feel better. But is it all smoke and mirrors, ...

Improving Treatment of Spinal Cord Injuries

Bioengineers have created an osmotic therapy device that gently removes fluid from the spinal cord to reduce swelling in injured rats with good results. The device can eventually be scaled up for ...

TV-Watching Snackers Beware: You Won't Notice You're Full If Your Attention Is Elsewhere

Eating while doing something perceptually-demanding makes it more difficult to notice when you feel full, shows new ...
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Potential New Approach Against Fatal Childhood Brain Cancer

In mouse models of DIPG, a fatal childhood brain cancer, simultaneously attacking two metabolic pathways led to significant improvements in ...

Early Neural Activity Associated With Autism

Researchers have found evidence of signature brain activity in infants that predicted ASD symptoms later at 18 months ...

Prenatal Depression Can Alter Child's Brain Connectivity, Affect Behavior

Altered brain connectivity may be one way prenatal depression influences child behavior, according to new ...

Detailed Molecular Workings of a Key System in Learning and Memory Formation

Biochemists report how they used advanced sequencing technology to clear up uncertainty and determine all variants of a single protein/enzyme known as calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II ...

Individual Differences in the Brain

If selection reinforces a behavior, brain activities soon change as ...

Gulf War Illness, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Distinct Illnesses, Study Suggests

A brain imaging study of veterans with Gulf War illness (GWI) and patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) (sometimes called myalgic encephalomyelitis), has shown that the two illnesses produce ...

Math Shows How Brain Stays Stable Amid Internal Noise and a Widely Varying World

A new theoretical framework shows that many properties of neural connections help biological circuits produce consistent ...

Novel Approach Reduces SCA1 Symptoms in Animal Model

Manipulating a novel mechanism that regulates ATXN1 levels reduced ATXN1 and improved some of the symptoms of neurodegenerative disease SCA1 in animal ...

Pinpointing the Cells That Keep the Body's Master Circadian Clock Ticking

Scientists have developed a genetically engineered mouse and imaging system that lets them visualize fluctuations in the circadian clocks of cell types in mice. The method gives new insight into ...

New Reporter Mouse Strain Offers Powerful Genetic Tool to Identify P2X2-Expressing Cells

Researchers created a reporter mouse strain in pursuit of a new way to answer an old question: Is purinergic receptor gene P2X2 expressed in particular populations of sensory nerve cells? They were ...

Brain Noise Contains Unique Signature of Dream Sleep

Dream or REM sleep is distinguished by rapid eye movement and absence of muscle tone, but electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings are indistinguishable from those of an awake brain. Neuroscientists ...

Training Neural Circuits Early in Development Improves Response

When it comes to training neural circuits for tissue engineering or biomedical applications, a new study suggests a key parameter: Train them ...

Placebos Prove Powerful Even When People Know They're Taking One

Researchers have demonstrated that placebos reduce brain markers of emotional distress even when people know they are taking ...

Key to Dialogue Between Brain Cells to Protect Against Stroke

LSU Health New Orleans research has unlocked a key fundamental mechanism in the communication between brain cells when confronted with stroke and found DHA not only protected neuronal cells and ...

Brain Waves Can Be Used to Predict Future Pain Sensitivity

Rhythms produced by the brain can reliably be used to predict how sensitive we are to pain, new research ...

Scientists Discover Cells That Filter and Sharpen Spatial Signals

How do you keep orientation in a complex environment, like the city of Vienna? You can thank your brain's 'global positioning system' (GPS), the hippocampus, for this sense of ...

REM Sleep Tunes Eating Behavior

Despite our broad understanding of the different brain regions activated during rapid-eye-movement sleep, little is known about what this activity serves for. Researchers have now discovered that the ...

Non-Invasive Nerve Stimulation Boosts Learning of Foreign Language Sounds

New research by neuroscientists revealed that a simple, earbud-like device that imperceptibly stimulates the brain could significantly improve the wearer's ability to learn the sounds of a new ...

Education May Be Protective for People With Gene for Familial Early Onset Alzheimer's

Even for people who carry the gene for early onset Alzheimer's disease, more years of education may slow the development of beta-amyloid plaques in the brain that are associated with the ...

Implanted Neural Stem Cell Grafts Show Functionality in Spinal Cord Injuries

Researchers report successfully implanting specialized grafts of neural stem cells directly into spinal cord injuries in mice, then documenting how the grafts grew and filled the injury sites, ...

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