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Disorders and Syndromes News
October 29, 2020

Top Headlines
 

Study Helps Explain Why Motivation to Learn Declines With Age

Neuroscientists have identified a brain circuit critical for learning to make decisions that require evaluating the cost or reward of an action. They showed this circuit is negatively affected by ...

Scientists Discover How a Common Mutation Leads to 'Night Owl' Sleep Disorder

People with delayed sleep phase disorder are unable to fall asleep until late at night (often after 2 a.m.) and have difficulty getting up in the ...

Hard Physical Work May Significantly Increase the Risk of Dementia

Men in jobs with hard physical work have a higher risk of developing dementia compared to men doing sedentary work, new research reveals. The researchers therefore urge the health authorities to make ...

Divide and Conquer :A New Formula to Minimize 'Mathemaphobia'

Maths - it's the subject some kids love to hate, yet despite its lack of popularity, mathematics is critical for a STEM-capable workforce and vital for current and future productivity. New research ...
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Neuron-Based Gene Expression Study Reveals Insights on Fear and Its Regulation

The expression of a gene called CREB in certain neurons may function as a switch to regulate feelings of fear and its ...

Single Brain Region Links Depression and Anxiety, Heart Disease, and Treatment Sensitivity

Over-activity in a single brain region called the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC) underlies several key symptoms of mood and anxiety disorders, but an antidepressant only successfully ...

COVID-19 Anxiety Linked to Body Image Issues

A new study has found that anxiety and stress directly linked to COVID-19 could be causing a number of body image issues. The research, which involved 506 UK adults, found that worries linked to ...

COVID-19 Infection May Be Part of a 'Perfect Storm' for Parkinson's Disease

Can COVID-19 infection increase the risk of developing Parkinson's disease? That's the question posed by a new commentary that explores three known case studies of people developing ...

Immune Response the Probable Underlying Cause of Neural Damage in COVID-19

A new study shows that it is probably the immune response to, rather than the virus in itself, that causes sudden confusion and other symptoms from the nervous system in some patients with ...

Multiple Sclerosis as the Flip Side of Immune Fitness

About half of the people with multiple sclerosis have the HLA-DR15 gene variant. A study has now shown how this genetic predisposition contributes to the development of the autoimmune disease ...

Bacterial Metabolism of Dietary Soy May Lower Risk Factor for Dementia

A metabolite produced following consumption of dietary soy may decrease a key risk factor for dementia - with the help of the right bacteria, according to a new ...

Gut Hormone Blocks Brain Cell Formation and Is Linked to Parkinson's Dementia

A gut hormone, ghrelin, is a key regulator of new nerve cells in the adult brain, a research team has discovered. It could help pave the way for new drugs to treat dementia in patients with ...

New Research Reveals Why Low Oxygen Damages the Brain

Brain cell dysfunction in low oxygen is, surprisingly, caused by the very same responder system that is intended to be protective, according to a newly published ...

Scientists Take Major Step Toward Angelman Syndrome Gene Therapy

Babies born with a faulty maternal copy of the UBE3A gene will develop Angelman syndrome, a severe neurodevelopmental disorder with no cure and limited treatments. Now, for the first time, scientists ...

Diagnosing Parkinson's Disease With Skin Samples Could Lead to Earlier Detection

New research shows a simple skin test can accurately identify Parkinson's disease, which could lead to earlier detection of the disease and better outcomes for patients. Currently, ...

Hypothyroidism in Pregnant Mothers Linked to ADHD in Their Children

Low levels of key, body-regulating chemicals in mothers during the first three months of pregnancy may interfere with the baby's brain development, a large study ...

Community Noise May Affect Dementia Risk

Results from a new study support emerging evidence suggesting that noise may influence individuals' risk of developing dementia later in ...

Phase 3 Clinical Trial to Treat Mild Alzheimer's Disease Using Deep Brain Stimulation

Medical researchers are enrolling individuals in an international phase 3 clinical trial to examine the safety and effectiveness of deep brain stimulation to treat Alzheimer's. The study uses ...

New Anti-AB Vaccine Could Help Halt Alzheimer's Progression, Preclinical Study Finds

A preclinical study by neuroscientists indicates that an antigen-presenting dendritic vaccine with a specific antibody response to oligomeric A-beta may be safer and offer clinical benefit in ...

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Reduces Insomnia Symptoms Among Young Drinkers

More than half of young adults at risk for alcohol-related harm report symptoms of insomnia. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is one of the first-line treatments for insomnia, but it's never ...

Anti-Inflammatory Therapy Shows Promise in Slowing Progression of Multiple Sclerosis

Intranasal administration of an anti-inflammatory drug helped reduce disease progression in a preclinical model of multiple sclerosis, according to recent ...

The Road to Uncovering a Novel Mechanism for Disposing of Misfolded Proteins

The discovery of the cause of a rare liver disease in babies led to uncovering a novel cellular mechanism for disposing of misfolded proteins that has implications for neurodegenerative conditions of ...

Focal Epilepsy Often Overlooked

Having subtler symptoms, a form of epilepsy that affects only one part of the brain often goes undiagnosed long enough to cause unexpected seizures that contribute to car crashes, a new study ...

Cannabis Reduces OCD Symptoms by Half in the Short-Term

People with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) report that the severity of symptoms was reduced by about half within four hours of smoking cannabis. After smoking cannabis, users with OCD reported ...

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