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Thermodynamics News
August 12, 2020

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Top Headlines
 

Spray-on Clear Coatings for Cheaper Smart Windows

Researchers have developed a spray-on method for making conductive clear coatings, or transparent electrodes. Fast, scalable and based on cheaper materials, the new approach could simplify the ...

Nanostructures Modeled on Moth Eyes Effective for Anti-Icing

Researchers have been working for decades on improving the anti-icing performance of functional surfaces and new work investigates a unique nanostructure, modeled on moth eyes, that has anti-icing ...

Origami Microbots: Centuries-Old Artform Guides Cutting-Edge Advances in Tiny Machines

Origami principles can unlock the potential of the smallest robots, enhancing speed, agility and control in machines no more than a centimeter in ...

New Fabric Could Help Keep You Cool in the Summer, Even Without A/C

Air conditioning and other space cooling methods account for about 10% of all electricity consumption in the U.S., according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Now, researchers have ...
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Analyzing Pros and Cons of Two Composite Manufacturing Methods

Airplane wings and wind turbine blades are typically created using bulk polymerization in composite manufacturing facilities. They are heated and cured in enormous autoclaves and heated molds as big ...

Scientists Discover New Class of Semiconducting Entropy-Stabilized Materials

The design of novel materials with superior characteristics by entropy stabilization is a very dynamic emerging research area in materials science. However, despite recent advances in ...

Membrane Technology Could Cut Emissions and Energy Use in Oil Refining

New membrane technology developed by a team of researchers could help reduce carbon emissions and energy intensity associated with refining crude oil. Laboratory testing suggests that this polymer ...

Scientists Build High-Performing Hybrid Solar Energy Converter

Scientists have developed a hybrid solar energy converter that generates electricity and steam with high efficiency and low ...

Data Analytics Can Predict Global Warming Trends, Heat Waves

New data analytics process evaluates how global energy consumption, as well as urban green infrastructure, can affect climate ...

Wireless Aquatic Robot Could Clean Water and Transport Cells

Researchers have developed a tiny plastic robot, made of responsive polymers, which moves under the influence of light and magnetism. In the future this 'wireless aquatic polyp' should be ...

Autoclaving, Alcohol Not the Best Options for Disinfecting, Reusing Face Masks

Two widely available sterilization methods to clean disposable surgical masks and N95 respirators may not be the best options for hospitals needing to extend the life of personal protective ...

Ways to Keep Buildings Cool With Improved Super White Paints

Materials scientists have demonstrated ways to make super white paint that reflects as much as 98% of incoming heat from the sun. The advance shows practical pathways for designing paints that, if ...

Purifying Water With the Help of Wood, Bacteria and the Sun

According to the United Nations, about one-fifth of the world's population lives in areas where water is scarce. Therefore, technologies to produce clean water from undrinkable sources, such as ...

Cooling Mechanism Increases Solar Energy Harvesting for Self-Powered Outdoor Sensors

Thermoelectric devices, which use the temperature difference between the top and bottom of the device to generate power, offer some promise for harnessing naturally occurring energy. Authors tested ...

Life as we know it could not exist without Earth's magnetic field and its ability to deflect dangerous ionizing particles. It is continuously generated by the motion of liquid iron in ...

Flexible Material Shows Potential for Use in Fabrics to Heat, Cool

A new study finds that a material made of carbon nanotubes has a combination of thermal, electrical and physical properties that make it an appealing candidate for next-generation smart ...

Thermophones Offer New Route to Radically Simplify Array Design, Research Shows

Scientists have pioneered a new technique to produce arrays of sound produced entirely by ...

Multifunctional Nanofiber Protects Against Explosions, Extreme Temps

Researchers have developed a lightweight, multifunctional nanofiber material that can protect wearers from both extreme temperatures and ballistic ...

Scientists Develop New Tool to Design Better Fusion Devices

One way that scientists seek to bring to Earth the fusion process that powers the stars is trapping plasma within a twisting magnetic coil device shaped like a breakfast cruller. But the device, ...

Laser Allows Solid-State Refrigeration of a Semiconductor Material

A team used an infrared laser to cool a solid semiconductor by at least 20 degrees C, or 36 F, below room ...

The Exhaust Gas from a Power Plant Can Be Recovered and Used as a Raw Reaction Material

A research group developed a new technology that can drastically conserve the energy used to capture CO2 from gases exhausted from a concentrated source such as thermal power plants. With this ...

A Proven Method for Stabilizing Efforts to Bring Fusion Power to Earth

Researchers have demonstrated a method for stabilizing fusion plasmas by suppressing edge localized modes ...

Turning Faces Into Thermostats: Autonomous HVAC System Could Provide More Comfort With Less Energy

As lockdown requirements ease, COVID-19 is changing the way we use indoor spaces. That presents challenges for those who manage those spaces, from homes to offices and ...

Reflecting Sunlight to Cool the Planet Will Cause Other Global Changes

Study finds reflecting sunlight to cool the planet will weaken extratropical storm tracks, causing other global ...

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