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Matter & Energy News
July 12, 2020

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Top Headlines
 

When sunlight shining on a leaf changes rapidly, plants must protect themselves from the ensuing sudden surges of solar energy. To cope with these changes, photosynthetic ...
Researchers are exploring new ways of creating quantum-mechanical interactions between distant electrons. The research marks an important advance in ...
Engineers have designed a 'brain-on-a-chip,' smaller than a piece of confetti, that is made from tens of thousands of ...

Synchrotron X-Ray Sheds Light on Some of the World's Oldest Dinosaur Eggs

Scientists have reconstructed the skulls of some of the world's oldest known dinosaur embryos in 3D, using powerful and non-destructive synchrotron techniques. They found that the skulls develop in ...
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Construction: How to Turn 36 Seconds Into USD 5.4 Billion

A team of researchers have, for the first time ever, linked 40 years of productivity data from the construction industry with the actual work done. The results show that productivity in the ...

Researchers Solve a 50-Year-Old Enzyme Mystery

Advanced herbicides and treatments for infection may result from the unraveling of a 50-year-old ...

Science Education Community Should Withdraw from International Tests, Experts Urge

The science community should withdraw from involvement in international tests such as PISA because they have forced schools to adopt 'narrow' curricula and pedagogies, a study ...

Safer CRISPR Gene Editing With Fewer Off-Target Hits

The CRISPR system is a powerful tool for the targeted editing of genomes, with significant therapeutic potential, but runs the risk of inappropriately editing ''off-target'' ...

Scientists Urge Caution, Further Assessment of Ecological Impacts Above Deep Sea Mining

A new study argues that deep-sea mining poses significant risks, not only to the area immediately surrounding mining operations but also to the water hundreds to thousands of feet above the seafloor, ...

No Association Found Between Exposure to Mobile Devices and Brain Volume Alterations in Adolescents

A new study of 2,500 Dutch children is the first to explore the relationship between brain volume and different doses of radiofrequency electromagnetic ...

Topological Materials 'Cherned' Up to the Maximum

In topological materials, electrons can display behavior that is fundamentally different from that in 'conventional' matter, and the magnitude of many such 'exotic' phenomena is ...

Discovery Makes Microscopic Imaging Possible in Dark Conditions

Researchers have discovered a new way to more accurately analyze microscopic samples by essentially making them 'glow in the dark', through the use of chemically luminescent molecules. ...

Extreme Rainfall Events Cause Top-Heavy Aquatic Food Webs

Scientists across seven different sites throughout Central and South America replicated the extreme rainfall events predicted by climate change science. Using the insect larvae that live in the water ...

Using Electricity to Break Down Pollutants Left Over After Wastewater Treatment

Pesticides, pharmaceutical products, and endocrine disruptors are some of the emerging contaminants often found in treated domestic wastewater, even after secondary treatment. Researchers have now ...

Ways to Keep Buildings Cool With Improved Super White Paints

Materials scientists have demonstrated ways to make super white paint that reflects as much as 98% of incoming heat from the sun. The advance shows practical pathways for designing paints that, if ...

5G Wireless Networks Have Few Health Impacts, Finds Study Using Zebrafish Model

Findings from a new study into the effects of radiofrequency radiation generated by the wireless technology that will soon be the standard for cell phones suggest few health ...

Physicists Use Oscillations of Atoms to Control a Phase Transition

The goal of ''Femtochemistry'' is to film and control chemical reactions with short flashes of light. Using consecutive laser pulses, atomic bonds can be excited precisely and ...

Learning More About Particle Collisions With Machine Learning

A team of scientists has devised a machine learning algorithm that calculates, with low computational time, how the ATLAS detector in the Large Hadron Collider would respond to the ten times more ...

The Best (and Worst) Materials for Masks

It's intuitive and scientifically shown that wearing a face covering can help reduce the spread of the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19. But not all masks are created equal, according to ...

New Molecular Tool Precisely Edits Mitochondrial DNA

The precision editing technologies that have revolutionized DNA editing in the cell nucleus have been unable to reach the mitochondrial genome. Now, researchers have broken this barrier with a new ...

Programmable Balloons Pave the Way for New Shape-Morphing Devices

A team of researchers has designed materials that can control and mold a balloon into pre-programmed shapes. The system uses kirigami sheets -- thin sheets of material with periodic cuts -- embedded ...

Fluorescent Peptide Nanoparticles, in Every Color of the Rainbow

The discovery of green fluorescent protein (GFP), which is made by a jellyfish, transformed cell biology. It allowed scientists to stitch the GFP sequence to proteins from other organisms to trace ...

New Biomaterial Could Shield Against Harmful Radiation

Researchers have synthesized a new form of melanin enriched with selenium. Called selenomelanin, this new biomaterial shows extraordinary promise as a shield for human tissue against harmful ...

Bespoke Catalysts for Power-to-X

Suitable catalysts are of great importance for efficient power-to-X applications -- but the molecular processes occurring during their use have not yet been fully understood. Using X-rays from a ...

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