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Birth Defects News
August 13, 2020

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Top Headlines
 

AI-Enhanced Precision Medicine Identifies Novel Autism Subtype

A novel precision medicine approach enhanced by artificial intelligence has laid the groundwork for what could be the first biomedical screening and intervention tool for a subtype of autism, reports ...

Excess Weight Among Pregnant Women May Interfere With Child's Developing Brain

Obesity in expectant mothers may hinder the development of the babies' brains as early as the second trimester, a new study ...

Miscarriage Risk Increases Each Week Alcohol Is Used in Early Pregnancy

Each week a woman consumes alcohol during the first five to 10 weeks of pregnancy is associated with an incremental 8% increase in risk of miscarriage, according to a new ...

Genes Related to Down Syndrome Abnormalities May Protect Against Solid Tumors

Scientists have discovered that a set of genes with decreased expression in individuals with Down syndrome may lead to clinical abnormalities in this ...
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Potential New Approach Against Fatal Childhood Brain Cancer

In mouse models of DIPG, a fatal childhood brain cancer, simultaneously attacking two metabolic pathways led to significant improvements in ...

Prenatal Depression Can Alter Child's Brain Connectivity, Affect Behavior

Altered brain connectivity may be one way prenatal depression influences child behavior, according to new ...

Common Characteristics of Rare Pediatric Brain Tumors

In a new study, researchers found that pediatric acoustic neuroma patients had similar symptoms to those of adult patients; however, tumor size was typically larger in the pediatric patients at the ...

Mapping the Brain's Sensory Gatekeeper

Researchers have mapped the thalamic reticular nucleus in unprecedented detail, revealing that the region contains two distinct subnetworks of neurons with different functions. The findings could ...

Simple Twist of DNA Determines Fate of Placenta

The development of the mammalian placenta depends upon an unusual twist that separates DNA's classic double helix into a single-stranded ...

Researchers Found a Link Between Genes and Preeclampsia

Researchers have showed that HLA-G gene regulates male-to-female ratio at birth. The study strengthens earlier findings of the vulnerability of male fetuses to ...

Researcher Develops Method for Mapping Brain Cell Change, Development in Mice

Researchers have developed a new method for studying key moments in brain development. Researchers are studying how oxytocin receptor expression changes in normally developing mice and mouse models ...

COVID-19 Can Be Transmitted in the Womb, Reports Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

A baby girl in Texas -- born prematurely to a mother with COVID-19 -- is the strongest evidence to date that intrauterine (in the womb) transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 ...

Scientists Discover Protective Alzheimer's Gene and Develop Rapid Drug-Testing Platform

A gene has been discovered that can naturally suppress the signs of Alzheimer's Disease in human brain cells. The scientists have also developed a new rapid drug-screening system for treatments ...

Gene Yields Insights Into the Causes of Neurodegeneration

Cornell researchers including Fenghua Hu, associate professor in the Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics and member of the Weill Institute for Cell and Molecular Biology, are taking a closer ...

Bacteria in Infants' First Stool May Indicate Their Risk of Obesity

Meconium--the earliest stool of an infant -- is composed of materials ingested during the time the infant spends in the uterus. A new study found that the types of normal bacteria found in the ...

New Link Between Calcium and Cardiolipin in Heart Defects

To function properly, the heart needs energy from cells' powerhouses, the mitochondria. In turn, mitochondria boost their energy output when calcium levels rise around them, a signal that more ...

Sensory Neurons Outside the Brain Drive Autistic Social Behaviors, Study Suggests

A new study lends further evidence that the social behaviors tied to autism spectrum disorders (ASD) emerge from abnormal function of sensory neurons outside the ...

Measuring Tape Is a Critical Tool for Following Zika Virus-Exposed Children

A simple measuring tape could be the key to identifying which children could develop neurological and developmental abnormalities from Zika virus exposure during ...

Marijuana Use While Pregnant Boosts Risk of Children's Sleep Problems

As many as 7% of moms-to-be use marijuana while pregnant, and that number is rising fast as more use it to quell morning sickness. But new research suggests such use could have a lasting impact on ...

How Does Our Brain Fold? Study Reveals New Genetic Insights

Problems with brain folding are linked with neurological conditions like autism, anorexia and schizophrenia, but there are currently no ways to detect, prevent or treat misfolding. New research ...

Next-Generation Sequencing to Provide Precision Medicine for Rare Metabolic Disorders

Advances in next-generation-sequencing technology that allow researchers to look at billions of pieces of genetic information are changing the way a disease is diagnosed. Correct identification of ...

Novel Pathology Could Improve Diagnosis and Treatment of Huntington's and Other Diseases

Scientists have discovered a novel pathology that occurs in several human neurodegenerative diseases, including Huntington's disease. The article describes how SAFB1 expression occurs in both ...

Bioengineered Uteri Support Pregnancy

Scientists were able to show that bioengineered uteri in an animal model developed the native tissue-like structures needed to support normal reproductive ...

Even Minor Heart Defects Are Associated With Long-Term Problems in Adulthood

Long-term morbidity as well as a lower level of education and employment rate are common among adults who underwent congenital heart surgery during childhood, regardless of the severity of the ...

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