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Fossils & Ruins News
September 29, 2020

Top Headlines
 

New research identifies a process that might have been key in producing the first organic molecules on Earth about 4 billion years ago, before the origin of life. The ...
A new study has revealed the size of the legendary giant shark Megalodon, including fins that are as large as an ...
A new study finds that Earth's water may have come from materials that were present in the inner solar system at the time the planet formed -- instead of far-reaching comets ...
Killer cosmic rays from nearby supernovae could be the culprit behind at least one mass extinction event, researchers said, and finding certain radioactive isotopes in ...
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The Testimony of Trees: How Volcanic Eruptions Shaped 2000 Years of World History

Researchers have shown that over the past two thousand years, volcanoes have played a larger role in natural temperature variability than previously thought, and their climatic effects may have ...

Genome of Alexander Fleming's Original Penicillin-Producing Mold Sequenced

Researchers have sequenced the genome of Alexander Fleming's penicillin mould for the first time and compared it to later ...

Y Chromosomes of Neanderthals and Denisovans Now Sequenced

An international research team led by Martin Petr and Janet Kelso of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, has determined Y chromosome sequences of three ...

Island-Building in Southeast Asia Created Earth's Northern Ice Sheets

Tectonic processes are thought to have triggered past ice ages, but how? A new analysis of mountain building in the maritime tropics of Southeast Asia attributes the last ice age, which reached a ...

Uncovering New Understanding of Earth's Carbon Cycle

A new study is examining the Earth's carbon cycle in new depth, using diamonds as breadcrumbs of insight into some of Earth's deepest geologic ...

Stability Check on Antarctica Reveals High Risk for Long-Term Sea-Level Rise

The warmer it gets, the faster Antarctica loses ice - and much of it will then be gone forever. That's what a team of researchers has found out in their new study on how much warming the ...

Placing Barthelonids on the Tree of Life

Researchers have categorized barthelonids, a group of microscopic anaerobic flagellates, as an early branching Metamonada lineage based on their genetic identity and mitochondrial evolutionary ...

Genome Duplications as Evolutionary Adaptation Strategy

Genome duplications play a major role in the development of forms and structures of plant organisms and their changes across long periods of evolution. Biologists made this discovery in their ...

Jaws of Death: Paleontologist Renames Giant, Prehistoric Marine Lizard

Paleontologists describe a new genus of mosasaur, Gnathomortis stadtmani, a marine lizard that roamed the oceans of North America toward the end of the Age of ...

Researchers find that the molecular mechanisms underlying tail regeneration in West African lungfish are similar to those seen in amphibians, suggesting the trait evolved in a common ...

Seismic Data Explains Continental Collision Beneath Tibet

New imagery reveals the causes of seismic activity deep beneath the Himalaya region, contributing to an ongoing debate over the continental collision process when two tectonic plates crash into each ...

Wild Birds as Offerings to the Egyptian Gods

Millions of mummified ibis and birds of prey, sacrificed to the Egyptian gods Horus, Ra or Thoth, have been discovered in the necropolises of the Nile Valley. Such a quantity of mummified birds ...

Living in an Anoxic World: Microbes Using Arsenic Are a Link to Early Life

Much of life on planet Earth today relies on oxygen to exist, but before oxygen was present on our blue planet, lifeforms likely used arsenic ...

Dino Teeth Research Prove Giant Predatory Dinosaur Lived in Water

A discovery of more than a thousand dinosaur teeth proves beyond reasonable doubt that Spinosaurus, the giant predator made famous by the movie Jurassic Park III as well as the BBC documentary Planet ...

Computational Study of Famous Fossil Reveals Evolution of Locomotion in 'Ruling Reptiles'

Scientists used three-dimensional computer modelling to investigate the hindlimb of Euparkeria capensis -- a small reptile that lived in the Triassic Period 245 million years ago -- and inferred that ...

Bird Beak Revealed by Laser Imaging Informs Early Beak Function and Development

Confuciusornis was a crow-like fossil bird that lived in the Cretaceous ~120 million years ago. It was one of the first birds to evolve a beak. Early beak evolution remains understudied. Using an ...

Archaeology Uncovers Infectious Disease Spread 4000 Years Ago

New bioarchaeology research has shown how infectious diseases may have spread 4000 years ago, while highlighting the dangers of letting such diseases run ...

Undersea Earthquakes Shake Up Climate Science

Sound generated by seismic events on the seabed can be used to determine the temperature of Earth's warming ...

Mapping the 1.6 Billion People Who Live Near Forests

Global maps of places where people and forests coexist show that an estimated 1.6 billion people live within 5 kilometers of a forest. The assessment, based on data from 2000 and 2012, showed that of ...

Raids and Bloody Rituals Among Ancient Steppe Nomads

Traces of violence on 1700 year old skeletons allow researchers to reconstruct warfare and sacrifices of nomads in Siberia. An international and interdisciplinary team of anthropologists, ...

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